WiFi can count a crowd of mobile people

Researchers in UC Santa Barbara professor Yasamin Mostofi’s lab have enabled, for the first time, counting a stationary seated crowd using WiFi signals, and without relying on people to carry a device. The technique, which also counts through walls, needs only a wireless transmitter and receiver outside the area of interest where the crowd is seated. It Read more about WiFi can count a crowd of mobile people[…]

solar thin film

Efficiency of flexible solar cells to a new limit

A group of scientists at Empa has pushed the efficiency of flexible solar cells to a new limit. Independent measurements revealed an efficiency of 21.4 percent when these types of solar cells convert light into electricity. For comparison: the best efficiency of a non-flexible solar cell made of crystalline silicon is reported at 26.7 percent. Read more about Efficiency of flexible solar cells to a new limit[…]

Conclusions about the driver’s activity and analyzed by Artificial Intelligence

In automated driving, the vehicle decides what it needs to do — it steers, brakes and accelerates. However, until vehicles can completely dispense with a driver, semi-automated vehicles will support whomever is at the wheel to give them increasingly more freedom. In the case of semi-automated vehicles, it goes without saying that handovers from the vehicle Read more about Conclusions about the driver’s activity and analyzed by Artificial Intelligence[…]

ISS to test new materials and advance technologies in ways not possible on Earth

The International Space Station (ISS) is an incredible research platform that has hosted more than 3,000 experiments—but not all that research takes place inside the orbiting laboratory. On the outside of the ISS, the extreme space conditions provide an unparalleled environment to test new materials and advance technologies in ways not possible on Earth. Multiple Read more about ISS to test new materials and advance technologies in ways not possible on Earth[…]

Detect signals from dark matter with quantum sensor

Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have linked together, or “entangled,” the mechanical motion and electronic properties of a tiny blue crystal, giving it a quantum edge in measuring electric fields with record sensitivity that may enhance understanding of the universe. The quantum sensor consists of 150 beryllium ions (electrically charged Read more about Detect signals from dark matter with quantum sensor[…]

Stochastic Processes Take the Lead

Experimental facilities around the globe are facing a challenge: their instruments are becoming increasingly powerful, leading to a steady increase in the volume and complexity of the scientific data they collect. At the same time, these tools demand new, advanced algorithms to take advantage of these capabilities and enable ever-more intricate scientific questions to be Read more about Stochastic Processes Take the Lead[…]

A novel computational design optimisation method that reduces costs by using artificial intelligence

In the field of industrial engineering, using simulations to model, predict and even optimise the response of a system or device is widespread, as it is less expensive and less complex -and, sometimes, less dangerous- than fabricating and testing several prototypes. This type of simulation studies uses numerical methods that, depending on the problem to Read more about A novel computational design optimisation method that reduces costs by using artificial intelligence[…]

New sense of imagination in Artificial Intelligence

Imagine an orange cat. Now, imagine the same cat, but with coal-black fur. Now, imagine the cat strutting along the Great Wall of China. Doing this, a quick series of neuron activations in your brain will come up with variations of the picture presented, based on your previous knowledge of the world. In other words, Read more about New sense of imagination in Artificial Intelligence[…]

Smartphone can be used as a spectrometer

Recognizing fake drugs? Testing water samples ourselves? Checking the quality of air? In the future, it could be possible to do all this using a smartphone in a quick, cost-effective and straightforward way. The process is being made possible by a spectrometer, weighing just one gram, from the Fraunhofer Institute for Electronic Nano Systems ENAS. Read more about Smartphone can be used as a spectrometer[…]

Digital Hazard Prevention for Cobotic Workstations

Humans and robots are sharing workspace in more and more sectors, whether they be manufacturing, logistics or medicine. Safety plays a major role in this. Up to now, range-finders on robots have prevented severe impacts or crushing when collisions occur but these sensors do not function when humans and machines have to stand close to Read more about Digital Hazard Prevention for Cobotic Workstations[…]

Machine learning accelerate to discover new advanced materials

If everything moved 40,000 times faster, you could eat a fresh tomato three minutes after planting a seed. You could fly from New York to L.A. in half a second. And you’d have waited in line at airport security for that flight for 30 milliseconds. Thanks to machine learning, designing materials for new, advanced technologies Read more about Machine learning accelerate to discover new advanced materials[…]

6G technology will bring haptic internet, mobile edge computing and holographic communications

Imagine you’re a fisherman living by a lake with a rowboat. Every day, you row out on the calm waters and life is good. But then your family grows, and you need more fish, so you go to the nearby river. Then, you realize you go farther and faster on the river. You can’t take Read more about 6G technology will bring haptic internet, mobile edge computing and holographic communications[…]