UBER driver data helps track and potentially alleviate urban traffic congestion

A new machine learning algorithm is poised to help urban transportation analysts relieve bottlenecks and chokepoints that routinely snarl city traffic. The tool, called TranSEC, was developed at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to help urban traffic engineers get access to actionable information about traffic patterns in their cities. Currently, publicly Read more about UBER driver data helps track and potentially alleviate urban traffic congestion[…]

New findings for improvement haptic feedback systems

Human fingerprints have a self-regulating moisture mechanism that not only helps us to avoid dropping our smartphone, but could help scientists to develop better prosthetic limbs, robotic equipment and virtual reality environments, a new study reveals. Primates – including humans, monkeys and apes – have evolved epidermal ridges on their hands and feet with a Read more about New findings for improvement haptic feedback systems[…]

Nanobarcode for future nanoscale sensing applications

Using barcodes to label and identify everyday items is as familiar as a trip to the supermarket. Imagine shrinking those barcodes a million times, from millimetre to nanometre scale, so that they could be used inside living cells to label, identify and track the building blocks of life or, blended into inks to prevent counterfeiting. Read more about Nanobarcode for future nanoscale sensing applications[…]

A next-generation and disruptive technology for more energy-efficient way

Molecular cages, in which guest molecules cling to the cages’ outer surfaces rather than enter an internal cavity, could cut the environmental impact of separating mixtures of industrial chemicals, research from KAUST suggests. Molecular separations performed at scale by the chemical industry collectively account for as much as 15 percent of global energy consumption. One Read more about A next-generation and disruptive technology for more energy-efficient way[…]

Spray-applied antennas could play an enabling role in the development of IoT technology

New antennas so thin that they can be sprayed into place are also robust enough to provide a strong signal at bandwidths that will be used by fifth-generation (5G) mobile devices. Performance results for the antennas, which are made from a new type of two-dimensional material called MXene, were recently reported by researchers at Drexel Read more about Spray-applied antennas could play an enabling role in the development of IoT technology[…]

A new approach to hydrogen production

Scientists have built tiny droplet-based microbial factories that produce hydrogen, instead of oxygen, when exposed to daylight in air. The findings of the international research team based at the University of Bristol and Harbin Institute of Technology in China, are published today in Nature Communications. Normally, algal cells fix carbon dioxide and produce oxygen by photosynthesis. Read more about A new approach to hydrogen production[…]

E-skins keeps shifting future at a spectacular pace

A material that mimics human skin in strength, stretchability and sensitivity could be used to collect biological data in real time. Electronic skin, or e-skin, may play an important role in next-generation prosthetics, personalized medicine, soft robotics and artificial intelligence. “The ideal e-skin will mimic the many natural functions of human skin, such as sensing Read more about E-skins keeps shifting future at a spectacular pace[…]

A new ultrafast solar cells manufacturing process

Most solar cells today are made with refined silicon that turns sunlight into clean electricity. Unfortunately, the process of refining silicon is far from clean, requiring vast amounts of energy from carbon-emitting power plants. For a greener alternative to silicon, researchers have focused on thin-film perovskites – low-cost, flexible solar cells that can be produced Read more about A new ultrafast solar cells manufacturing process[…]

Haptic training to be super skilled

In JST Strategic Basic Research Programs, Drs. Masato Hirano and Shinichi Furuya, Sony Computer Science Laboratories, Inc., discovered a training method to further improve the delicate touch of pianists. Experts such as pianists, athletes and surgeons acquire advanced skills through tremendous amounts of practice. It is difficult to further improve upon these skills, and the Read more about Haptic training to be super skilled[…]

Photovoltatronics viewed as smart solar revolution

Imagine you’re walking through the city on a sunny summer day. You look at the skyscrapers, the shop buildings, lampposts and electric taxis driving tirelessly to and fro. What you can’t see is that every single piece of their surface is generating and storing its own electricity. The solar cells on these surfaces are interconnected Read more about Photovoltatronics viewed as smart solar revolution[…]

Microrobots will one day revolutionise the field of medicine

Robots so tiny that they can manoeuvre through our blood vessels and deliver medications to certain points in the body – researchers have been pursuing this goal for years. Now, scientists at ETH Zurich have succeeded for the first time in building such “micromachines” out of metal and plastic, in which these two materials are Read more about Microrobots will one day revolutionise the field of medicine[…]

AI system to discover new materials without requiring additional training from scientists

When the words “artificial intelligence” (AI) come to mind, your first thoughts may be of super-smart computers, or robots that perform tasks without needing any help from humans. Now, a multi-institutional team including researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has accomplished something not too far off: They developed an AI algorithm Read more about AI system to discover new materials without requiring additional training from scientists[…]