More than 6.7 million persons hold a managerial position in the European Union of 27 Member States (EU): 4.3 million men (63% of all managers) and 2.5 million women (37%).
In addition, women account for a little over one quarter of board members of publicly listed companies in the EU (28%), and for less than one fifth of senior executives (18%) in 2019. In other words, although representing approximately half of all employed persons in the EU, women continue to be under-represented amongst managers.
Managers are mostly women only in Latvia
The largest share of women among managerial positions is recorded in Latvia, the only Member State where women are a majority (53%) in this occupation. It is followed by Bulgaria (49%), Poland (48%), Estonia (46%), Slovenia (44%), Lithuania, Hungary and Sweden (all 42%), Ireland (41%) and Portugal (40%).
At the opposite end of the scale, women account for less than a third of managers in Cyprus (19%), followed by Luxembourg (23%), Denmark (27%), Italy (28%), the Netherlands (29%), Czechia and Germany (both 31%), as well as Greece, Croatia, Malta and Austria (all 32%).
At EU level, just over a third (37%) of managers are women. This share increased slightly compared with 2012 (36%).
Highest share of female board members in France
The largest share of female board members in the largest publicly listed companies is recorded in France (45%), followed by Sweden (38%), Belgium, Germany and Italy (all 36%) as well as the Netherlands and Finland (both 34%).
At the opposite end of the scale, women account for less than a fifth of board members in Estonia and Cyprus (both 9%), Greece and Malta (both 10%), Lithuania (12%), Luxembourg, Hungary and Romania (all 13%) as well as in Czechia (18%) and Bulgaria (19%).
At EU level, just over a quarter (28%) of board members are women. Since 2012, this share has increased by 13 percentage points from 15%.
Highest share of female senior executives in Romania
Among EU Member States, women account for around a third of senior executives in the largest publicly listed companies in Romania (34%), Estonia (33%), Lithuania (30%) and Latvia (29%), and around a quarter of senior executives in Bulgaria and Slovenia (both 27%) as well as in Sweden (24%).
At the opposite end of the scale, the lowest share of female senior executives is recorded in Luxembourg (6%) and Austria (8%), followed by Czechia (11%), Croatia and Italy (both 12%), Belgium and Slovakia (both 13%), Germany and Poland (both 14%) as well as in the Netherlands and Portugal (both 15%).
At EU level, less than a fifth (18%) of senior executives are women; up by 8 percentage points compared with 2012 (10%).
This information is published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, on the occasion of International Women’s Day. This news release only shows a small part of the large amount of gender based data available at Eurostat.